# Learn Objective-C: Integer Operations

*Extensions* provide a more in-depth overview of various topics. Here, I present a more in-depth discussion behind primitive data types.

## Type `int`

As mentioned before, integers consist of individual digits. You can prefix it with a minus sign (a hyphen) to make it negative. You cannot put spaces, commas, or periods inside ints.

When dividing an integer by another, *integer division* occurs. In this case, the remainder of the division is dropped. Therefore, the result of 8/5 is 1, not 1.6. A practical use of this is as follows:

`int number = 1234;`

`int thousands = number / 1000;`

`NSLog ("@The thousands place of %d is %d.", number, thousands);`

The output of the code above is:

`The thousands place of 1234 is 1.`

In contrast, the *modulus* operator (%) is used to derive the exact remainder of integer division. Therefore, 8 % 5 = 3.

Extending the above example:

`int number = 1234;`

`int thousands = number / 1000;`

`NSLog ("@The thousands place of %d is %d.", number, thousands);`

`int hundreds = (number % 1000) / 100;`

`NSLog ("@The hundreds place of %d is %d.", number, hundreds);`

`int tens = ((number % 1000) % 100) / 10;`

`NSLog (@"The tens place of %d is %d.", number, tens);`

`int ones = (((number % 1000) % 100) % 10);`

`NSLog (@"The ones place of %d is %d.", number, ones);`

The output of the code is:

`The thousands place of 1234 is 1.`

`The hundreds place of 1234 is 2.`

`The tens place of 1234 is 3.`

`The ones place of 1234 is 4.`

The code above is rather involved, but try to figure it out. Remember, the modulus operator extracts the remainder of the division that could have been placed in its place.

*This post is part of the Learn Objective-C in 24 Days course.*

*Author: Feifan Zhou*